Pine64 logo

The PinePhone is an affordable Linux phone created by Pine64, makers of the Pinebook Pro laptop and the Pine64 single board computer.

This little-known, can-do company has tailored the PinePhone specs, features and design around a super low price point of just $149.

But can a Linux phone this cheap offer a real alternative to Android and iOS devices?

Well, keep in mind that the PinePhone markets itself at Linux enthusiasts and software developers specifically. These are the kind of user who will best appreciate the device’s combination of privacy-minded open source software, and physical hardware kill switches.

Or to put it another way: the PinePhone isn’t trying to compete with Samsung’s latest handset or those from any other Android OEMs. Its ambitions are modest: provide a reliable, open, and hackable (and even upgradeable) smartphone platform supported by the mainline Linux kernel.

For more info on this (admittedly exciting) Linux phone, including details on where to buy one, which mobile networks it supports, and the kind of apps it can run, read on!

PinePhone Release Date & Price

Pine Phone specs revision

For Linux users, Pine64 is the most exciting hardware company around right now

To answer the question everyone is asking, no: the PinePhone doesn’t have release date — not yet!

Ahead of a “general release” (tentatively pencilled in for early 2021) Pine64 is making small batches of so-called ‘community edition’ models available to buy. These handsets may have a few minor differences to the final, finished model, and come preloaded with beta-quality software.

The PinePhone costs from $149.99. This price is for the base model and does not include shipping fees or any taxes which may be applicable in your country.

A more expensive and marginally more powerful version, the PinePhone ‘Convergence Edition’, is also available. Bundled with a USB Type-C dock accessory, the PinePhone Convergence Edition costs from $199.

PinePhone ‘Community Editions’

PinePhone with Manjaro
PinePhone running Manjaro

When looking into Linux phones you’ll come across references to PinePhone Community Editions and the PinePhone Brave Heart — but what are they?

The first PinePhone to go on sale was the BraveHeart model. This was made available to buy without an OS installed in November 2019, direct from the Pine64website. It quickly sold out. These early-bird editions were shipped to buyers in January 2020 and feature in many of the hands-on reviews floating around.

There are some differences between BraveHeart models and later revisions, though. The most significant of these? The early units can’t connect to an external monitor over USB Type-C (though later models can).

Next came the ‘Community Editions’.

The PinePhone Ubports Community Edition was the first of these. It went on sale in May 2020 and was pre-loaded with Ubuntu Touch. This unit had some minor hardware revisions (including revised antenna placement), and sold out within weeks.

The second community edition came preloaded with postmarketOS. It went on sale in July 2020. This is the first version of the PinePhone to support video-out over USB Type-C out of the box.

September saw a Manjaro flavoured model go on sale, followed by a Plasma Mobile edition in December 2020.

All units are virtually identical in form and feel. They all have the same screen size and case dimensions of 160.5mm x 76.6mm x 9.2mm, and weigh between 180 to 200 grams (without a case).

There’s a Newer, More Powerful Model

In July 2020 Pine64 unveiled an upgraded PinePhone with 3GB RAM, 32GB internal storage, and support for video-out over USB Type-C.

Dubbed the ‘convergence pack’, the super-spec’d handset is priced at a slightly higher cost of $199 but, for the price, comes bundled with a USB-C docking accessory for connecting external monitors, keyboards, and other peripherals.

Where can I by

Like the Pinebook Pro, the PinePhone is assembled and built in China but can be shipped from China to (almost) any country in the world.

It’s yet to be seen if any resellers for the device will emerge, so while you aren’t able to buy the PinePhone in the USA (or Germany, or Sweden, etc) but are can buy the phone from those countries and have it sent to you.

Will the PinePhone work in the USA?

Unless you’re living somewhere particularly remote there’s a good chance that the PinePhone WILL support your mobile network or operator of choice.

That said, be smart: if you plan to buy a Pinephone make sure to check that the cellular modem/baseband supported by the phone is compatible with your current mobile network provider and/or the frequencies used in the country/s you want to makes calls, send texts, or browse the web in.

This isn’t hard to do:

Here’s a concise list:

FrequencyModem Support
LTELTE-FDDB1/ B2/ B3/ B4/ B5/ B7/ B8/ B12/ B13/ B18/ B19/ B20/ B25/ B26/ B28
LTE-TDDB38/ B39/ B40/ B41
WCDMAB1/ B2/ B4/ B5/ B6/ B8/ B19 
GSMB2/ B3/ B5/ B8

For example, my mobile network in the UK GiffGaff who use the o2 network. The bands O2 use for LTE (aka 4G) are B3 and B20. Both of these are supported by the modem used in the PinePhone meaning, hurrah, I can pop my SIM in and make/receive calls, texts, and data.

Pinephone vs Purism Librem 5

Pinephone vs Librem 5 specs graphic

If you’re looking in Linux phones then you’ll know that the PinePhone isn’t on its own. Purism’s Librem 5 is the other “big name” in the room.

The Librem 5 is a bespoke device. It cuts fewer technical corners than the PinePhone does (for better or worse) and uses desktop class components which aren’t designed for a phone form factor (for better or worse).

The PinePhone is cheaper than the Librem 5 and there’s a greater choice of mobile operating systems available for it

It’s also more expensive — a lot more expensive — and based on reports from community developers it may not get as many mobile Linux operating systems ported to it as Pine64’s cost-friendly offering.

There are commonalities though.

Both Linux phones pitch themselves as a privacy-conscious devices with hardware kill switches and hardware that open source enthusiasts, developers and early-adopters can build on.

Both phones use proprietary ROM firmware in baseband (though Purism load it with a FOSS driver) and in the Wi-Fi and Bluetooth too (though these are separate boards in the Librem 5).

As neither Pinephone or the Librem 5 is currently on general sale (at the time of writing) and given that neither has a “stable” software stack to speak of, it’s too early to post any firm performance comparisons about the devices.

By looking at their specs on paper we can say that:

  • Librem 5 is more powerful, but has less OS support
  • PinePhone is cheaper, and has more OS support

Operating System Support

Pine64 can run a variety of different Linux-based mobile operating systems. The one considered most “feature complete” will ship on the regular release of the handset (whenever that actually is).

The wider Linux community IS also hard at work porting a swathe of other OSes to the device. Regardless of which OS the handset actually ships with you can download, boot and install any OS you choose, both internally and from a microSD card.

Below is a table listing some (though probably not all) of these, including their development status on the Librem 5:

OSPinePhoneLibrem 5
Ubuntu TouchYesYes
postmarketOSYesYes
Sailfish OSYesUnknown
LuneOS (webOS based)YesNo
Replicant (Android based)YesNo
PureOSNoYes
ManjaroYesYes

Official Accessories

Pine64 sell protective cases custom designed exclusively for the dimensions of the PinePhone. Both hard and flexible silicone cases are available, both with cut outs for the phone’s rear camera.

Branded back covers that bear the logo of various OS projects will, Pine64, say be available to buy in future. A percentage from the sale of branded covers will also go to the respective project — a nice way for phone fans and Pine64 to support the community.

Hardware expansions are another major possibility. Pogo pins on the actual handset allow a range of third-party accessories to be developed. Wireless charging, a battery case, and even a physical keyboard add-on are all being explored.

Finally, as the PinePhone has a removable and replaceable battery (just pop off the back case and slide the battery out) extra batteries are available to buy.

Where to Buy a PinePhone

Although not yet on “general sale” you can buy a Pinephone “Community Edition” pre-loaded with pre-release software from the Pine64 web store.

Pinephone on the Pine64 Store

These batches are produced in limited runs but shouldn’t be considered “final quality”. They may sport minor differences to the final, finished Pinephone, and will ship with different operating system and software support.

You can see which models are available on the Pine Store web shop.

Summary

My excitement for the PinePhone is not just because it’s cheap. Like the Pinebook and Pinebook Pro laptops, the PinePhone could help put mobile Linux into the pockets of people who might otherwise have never tried it.

Early adopters should prepare for a “work in process” software experience. Things won’t be super flashy.. Features may be missing. Apps may not be available.

But that’s sort of why this phone is so exciting: it’s a foundation on which various different approaches to mobile computing can be built, all with Linux at their heart.

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