A neater, faster and more modern Ubuntu installer could be on the way.
Dubbed ‘Ubiquity NG’ (‘NG’ standing for next generation presumably), the new installer could leverage modern technologies to provide users with a more intelligent and flexible set-up assistant.
The new installer could leverage modern technologies like MAAS and Electron
Helping kick-start discussion about what shape this new Ubuntu installer could take is none other than Ubuntu’s self-appointed benevolent dictator for life, Mark Shuttleworth.
Ubuntu created its Ubiquity installer to let users “…try out Ubuntu [on a live CD], and then dive straight into the install“, a concept Shuttleworth says once seemed like ‘science fiction’.
This isn’t the first time major changes have been proposed for the Ubuntu installer.
During the wilderness “Unity 8” years the Canonical design team came up with this, a “converged” installer concept designed to adapt to both mobile and desktop devices:
An evolved version of the Ubiquity installer shipped called ‘Subiquity‘ debuted in Ubuntu Server 17.10, albeit with a text-only UI.
Other Linux installers exist too, including ‘Calameres’ used in KDE Neon (among others) and the ‘Anaconda‘ installer used in Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) and Fedora.
4 Key Ingredients of Ubiquity NG
Mark Shuttleworth Mark lists 4 key technologies that he thinks the new installer could (read: should) use:
First there’s the Curtin installer which handles the heavy lifting of partitioning, installing, and mopping up after itself. It’s already used in the ‘Subiquity’ Ubuntu server installer and in MAAS.
Second there is MAAS, which Mark says “has some very nice HTML interfaces for configuring network and storage”.
Third is HTML5 app framework Electron, used by a stack of apps, including Spotify, Skype and Slack.
Finally there is Snappy, Canonical’s versatile, transactional and secure distribution and update framework.
Combined, these open-source technologies could pave the way for an Ubuntu installation experience that’s more flexible, more intelligent, and more capable of catering to corner cases, like the new “minimal install” option in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
We’ll be keeping an eye on these discussions as they (hopefully) mature in to something more tangible.
What changes would you like to see Ubuntu make to its installation process? Let us (and everyone else) know in the comments below.